TREATMENTS AND SURGERIES | No needle vasectomy


TREATMENTS AND SURGERIES | No needle vasectomy

Approximate time30 min

Our urologists are qualified to perform a no needle vasectomy, also known as a keyhole vasectomy, at his urology clinics in Greater Montreal and Quebec City.

Usually, the first step for patients seeking a vasectomy is to schedule an initial consultation. During this appointment, the patient fills out a short questionnaire, undergoes a physical examination and is given details about the procedure. Afterward, a second appointment is scheduled for the vasectomy. This take two separate appointments, and involved fees for consultation AND surgery.

Alternatively, patients can have both the initial exam and the vasectomy during a single appointment. However, this is only possible if the exam is normal and the patient does not have a bold disorder or has stopped taking blood thinners.

For your convince and preferences, we offer both possibilities.

Note that our urologists will have to perform the vasectomy with two incisions if the patient is overweight, has a small scrotum, has a short vas deferens or has already had a surgery in his genital area (such as a vasovasostomy).

We recommend that the patient be accompanied by another person. When patients have someone with them, they can be offered medication if they begin to feel anxious.

Furthermore, we recommend that the patient avoid drinking coffee or taking any other stimulants on the morning of the vasectomy and that the patient wears tight- fitting underwear for better support.

Please note that the vasectomy procedure is performed in an unaffiliated private clinic and can’t be reimbursed through the Regie de l’assurance maladie du Québec (RAMQ). The confirmation of the patient’s sterility is sent by email after receipt of the results of the spermogram. If, in some rare cases, a second vasectomy should be necessary.Vasectomy

Please note that vasectomies are only performed in a disaffiliated private clinic and therefore not covered by the RAMQ. They are usually carried out in a single appointment. This includes consultation and infertility notification by email after reception of the spermogram’s results.

What happens during a vasectomy?

The vasectomy begins by laying the patient on a table in an operating room designated for minor surgeries. Our urologists then administer a local anesthetic in the skin of the scrotum with a needle-free injector (MADAJET). It takes 5 to 10 minutes for the anesthetic to become maximally effective. After, the area around the genitals is disinfected.

A no needle vasectomy involves several steps. First, our urologists will hold the vas deferens in place using a clamp. Next, he will remove the vas so that it can be cauterized and ligated at either end.

They never uses metal clips to clamp the vas deferens. To minimize the risk of recanalization, they will isolate the vas deferens on the abdominal side by interposing spermatic fascia. This unique method takes a few minutes of extra work for each duct. It involves covering the vas deferens with a resorbable thread and a layer of tissue that encircles each duct.

Is a vasectomy a permanent method of contraception?

Normally, a vasectomy is not reversible. If the patient changes his mind and wants to have children at some point after his vasectomy, a vasovasostomy can be attempted. However, there’s no guarantee the procedure will be a success.

Are there potential complications to having a vasectomy?

Complications are uncommon, but bleeding, infection, swelling or pain in the scrotum may occur. If inflammation and discomfort persist, an anti-inflammatory medication may be prescribed.

Very rarely, the vas deferens grows back prior to the spermogram. This is known as early recanalization and occurs when the two ends of the canals reattach and allow the passage of spermatozoa (making the patient fertile).

Delayed spontaneous canalization, occurring after the vasectomy when the vas deferens has been cut, ligated and cauterized, is very rare.

Are there medical contraindications to a no needle, no scalpel vasectomy?

There are a small number of contraindications, all of which are uncommon. These include uncertainty about whether or not one wants to have children, blood clotting disorders, an inguinal hernia and an undescended testicle. Some patients choose to get a unilateral vasectomy, a procedure in which only one vas deferens is cut.

Does having a vasectomy influence your sex life?

The patient’s sex life won’t be affected. There will be no changes in the sensations he feels during sex and no difference in his erection or his ability to ejaculate. Although the ejaculation fluid will no longer contain sperm, the patient won’t notice the difference, as sperm only makes up a small fraction of the fluid. (Most of the ejaculation fluid is produced in the seminal vesicles, two small sacs located at the base of the prostrate where the vas deferens open.)

Is the administration of the anesthetic painful?

Vasectomies are usually performed under local anesthesia. This involves injecting a high-pressure liquid anesthetic under the skin. The patient will feel a pinching sensation, a bit like a blow from an elastic band. The anesthetic ensures that there will be no more feeling in the skin or the underlying tissue.

However, the anesthetic is confined to the area around the injection and sometimes an unpleasant sensation can be faintly felt at the upper part of the vas deferens, in the abdomen.

There’s a small risk of hematoma, since the needle is inserted near veins. The surgery can begin 5 to 10 minutes after the anesthetic has been administered. Medication is offered to accompanied patients who are anxious about the procedure.

What technique is used for the vasectomy?

After a physical exam, Our urologists determine whether or not he patient can be operated on using the no needle, no scalpel vasectomy method. This technique involves making a single incision at the centre of the scrotum. In part, the decision will depend on the length and mobility of the vas deferens.

Men who are overweight, had scrotal surgery or been referred to the clinic following a failed vasectomy may require a vasectomy technique that involves two incisions (one on either side). This technique may also be necessary if the vas deferens are too short for a standard central incision. In such cases, the cost of the vasectomy is higher.

Can a spouse be present during the vasectomy?


The person who accompanies the patient to the procedure can be present in the operating room during the vasectomy if it helps to calm the patient. Note that a protective screen is placed over the patient’s chest to prevent him from seeing the surgery.

Contact us to schedule a no needle, no scalpel vasectomy in Laval, on the South Shore or in Quebec City.

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Preparation for a vasectomy

The day before the operation
Shave the scrotum. Shaving is usually performed dry without water or soap and with a razor blade or straight razor, by applying traction over the skin. This way, there is less chance of injury to the scrotum than when shaving with water or with an electric razor. Do not use depilatory cream.
The morning of the operation
We recommend that the patient be accompanied; it is also recommended that the patient avoid coffee or other stimulants the morning of the vasectomy.

Patients who are particularly nervous or who have already had vagal shock before, can take one Gravol 50 mg one hour before surgery.

Post Vasectomy Spermogram – Recommendations after a vasectomy

The first day
We also recommend that you take Tylenol regularly, every 4 hours, for the first day. Avoid Advil brand medication or other anti-inflammatory medications that can increase the risk of swelling.

After 24 hours
A shower is permitted after 24 hours.
After 48 hours
Dr. Marois recommends that you treat the affected region over the first 48 hours with ice, gel or a bag of frozen peas at 15-minute intervals. This will reduce post-operative swelling and discomfort over the following days.
The week after the operation
Avoid any physical exertion, sexual activity or sports during the first week. Afterwards, you will be able to resume normal physical and sexual activities. You must continue using contraception until sterility is confirmed.

Most men having undergone vasectomy will be sterile at the first spermogram (that is “sperm test”). Sometimes, more than one test is required to reach sterility. After a week, it is also recommended to begin to be more sexually active and to continue for the next three months. Ideally, a total of 20 to 40 ejaculations helps improving the chances of being sterile at the initial spermogram.
After three to four months
The spermogram analysis is done 3 or 4 months after vasectomy. Sampling must be performed at home by masturbating into a sterile container (available in our clinics or in pharmacies/CLSC). This container must directly collect all sperm emitted from ejaculation. It is important that a 3 day abstinence period be respected before the sample is collected. The specimen must be complete. Even the loss of only a few drops must be reported.

Ideally, the time between sample collection and the arrival to the laboratory should not exceed one hour. You must keep the sample at body temperature in your shirt or pants pocket.

You can also go to a hospital of your choice or in a private laboratory.

You will receive written confirmation by e-mail about your results and what activities to do, if necessary. You can also call the secretary to confirm your sterility. This may take from 2 to 4 weeks if the semen analysis is performed in a hospital setting, since it is constructed in microscopy.

For patients who wish to do it in private laboratory, we offer the NASCI test in collaboration with laboratory Biron. The sample can be left in any Biron by appointment. It is the only post vasectomy semen analysis performed by flow cystometry. It is more reliable and less subjective to eliminate the presence of sperm. There is less likelihood of repeating a second sperm test three months later. It is less restrictive for patients. The result is also fast, about one week.

What should I do if I still have not received my results?
You should receive a written confirmation of your results with the appropriate course of action, as necessary. If after two weeks you have not had nay news, call the secretary to confirm your test results.
What should I do if the result is uncertain?
If the results are inconclusive, you will have to undergo a second spermogram in another 3 months.
What should I do if there is a complication and your office is closed?
If any complication or problem occurs outside our business hours, or if you are not able to join a secretary or a nurse, please go to Verdun Hospital Emergency. The emergency physician will try to join Dr. Marois to get his report. Dr. Marois will then be able to give his recommendations over the telephone.

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Would you like to make an appointment, or do you have any questions? Write to us and we will get back to you as soon as possible!

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