What’s a cystoscopy?

A cystoscopy is a procedure that allows a urologist to examine the lining of the bladder and the tube that carries urine out of the body. Performed by a urologist, this procedure provides a clear image of the bladder for accurate assessment. The main goals of a cystoscopy are to:

  • Diagnose bladder infections
  • Diagnose bleeding in the bladder
  • Obtain a tissue biopsy or sample
  • Diagnose bladder disorders
  • Measure the capacity of the bladder
  • Remove foreign bodies or stones from the urinary tract
  • Find tumours in the urinary tracts
  • Collect sterile urine samples

Patients with the following symptoms could require a cystoscopy:

  • Urinary incontinence
  • Hematuria
  • Urinary hesitation
  • Painful urination
  • Recurrent urinary tract infections
  • Prostate hypertrophy
  • Kidney stones
  • Bladder cancer
  • Interstitial cystitis
  • Chronic pelvic pain
  • Overactive bladder
  • Foreign bodies in the urinary tract